The internet of things is the future that we are looking at in 2019. It has attained new heights of discoveries and innovations, and what awaits us in the future will create a huge impact on the e-commerce market as well as our daily lives. IoT demands a huge field of technologies as well as the people who are skilled to make use of it. There are several IoT technologies which have the potential of making ground breaking advancements at residential and organizational levels.
Security has always been one of the major concerns in our lives. With security technologies, the IoT devices will be protected from any threats to data and physical tampering. It will also address the new challenges such as communication encryption, and apps that drain the battery and takes more RAM and processing speed. The security technologies will help create a much more functional, faster, and secure system IoT.
IoT has infinite possibilities of creating unique services for each task. It can perform tasks from differentiating between colors to picking up the right shirt from online stores based on your requirements. To handle the complex tasks performed by IoT, we will need more advanced analytic tools and algorithms which can process the information much efficiently to think like us for analyzing the tasks.
Short Range IoT Networks
Low-power short range networks will be introduced to bring change to wireless connectivity. This will provide more options for connectivity to the users compared to the wide area IoT networks. However, both types of networks will continue to coexist to address different solutions.
The Processors used for IoT need to be much more advanced to prevent any threats to the security and encryption of the data. It also needs to be much more efficient for power consumption, and be able to run any operating system. Understanding the implications of processor choices will demand great technical skills.
IoT Operating Systems
The OSs that we use on our desktops can not provide the efficiency and practicality of IoT applications as it consumes too much power, and does not have the advanced processors. IoT requires dedicated operating systems which uses a different set of hardware to provide real-time response and can store large memory.
Event Stream Processing
IoT applications are capable of generating high data rates which need real time analysis. In some cases, IoT applications generate millions of events per second. To address the requirements of such high quality processing, distributed stream computing platforms have been introduced, which can process very high-rate data and perform real time analytics and pattern identification.
IoT platforms provide all the componensts of IoT in one single place. These components are divided into three categories. First, the low level device control and operations like communication, device management, security, and firmware updates. Second, the IoT data acquisition, transformation and management. And the third one, application development including front end and back end programming, visualization, analytics and adapters to connect to enterprise systems.